The Hebrews are an ethnically compatible ancestry to the Phoenicians and the asiriobabilónicos, and his origins, according to the Bible, it is necessary to look for them in the territory of Ur, in Chaldea, region located in the coasts of the gulf Persian and crossed by the Euphrates. This town (whose name it means indeed, people comings across of the river, ), after a pilgrimage that lasted several centuries, reached the southern zone of Syria well-known commonly by Palestine, and called by the Jews land of Canaán or
Against the anthropomorphous figures
On the contrary that the neighboring civilizations (like Egyptian, the devotee one of great number of animals in whose honor images to which were worked one surrendered cultured), the Hebrews they see to his God only with the thought, and consider a profanación to represent a divinity in figure human and in a material I saw and perecedero. The divinity is inmortal, eternal and irrepresentable. With regard to the anthropomorphous plasmación of the divinities, in the Bible are reflexed : “such ídolos are crude espantajos, private of the word. They even need to be transported, because they do not walk. Therefore, it is not necessary to fear them, since they cannot cause damage. And also, from them it cannot come nothing good”. And also: The Gentleman said: “I am Mr., your God You will not have foreign Gods. You will not make sculpture nor image some of what is at the top of sky nor of which it is down, in the Earth You will not adore such images nor you will render cultured some to them In the currencies of Hebrew town, in effect, does not appear human figures, and all the iconography reserve to objects of cult (5 of Yhwh (tetragrama impronunciable, as impronunciable is the name of God), this is, of Eternal, the Creator. From an historical point of view, in the course of the time the symbols of the foreign powers that governed the promised Earth, without never reaching a are observed to put under town chosen: among them they appeared the kings of Syria, Egyptian and the Romans”.
The Bible talks about to payments from the time of the patriarchs: Jose (towards year 1800 BC) was sold by his envious brothers to Egyptian merchants by five sicios. This Biblical passage certain historical foundation is recognized to him, since he is proven that towards century XIX BC one burdens shortage pushed the Hebrews to Egypt. But it is not possible to attribute to the word
Rome enters scene
In year 63 BC, Pompeyo took to the Jerusalem assault, ally to one of the factions in fight. It followed one long series of Hebrew sovereigns who demonstrated to be docile vasallos of to be able Roman. Among them, we remember Heródes Great (years 40-4 BC), who did not take care of much of ortodoxia religious, and it trusted the support of the Romans rather, so hated by his town. The types of the currencies send in general the previous ones, and present/display in addition the tripod and acrostolio (the prominent part to the prow of a boat), following frequently the tradition hellenistic. In addition to the intermittent presence of the date or the indication of value, is, in Greek, the legend
Testimonies of the authority
During the Roman domination, the diverse governments were authorized to emit bronze currencies, of strictly local circulation, They present/display the types characteristic of Palestine, as the ear, the palm, vasija of two handles and the crown. Under Poncio Pilatos, in individual, was adopted Roman symbols typically, as the crown of laurel and lituus@ the cane curved of you augur them, priests of the Latin religion. It appeared in addition the name to Tiberio, signal, for some specialists, of which a policy was effective openly antiJewish, that was to lead to a fight more and more radical and decided between both components and effect, in 66 year AD breos, exasperated by lz fiscal of civil employees r and by the obligation of acep imperial authority that 1 doxos could not admit, they showed rebellion buds. This one caused two types of emissions. First, of the cash settlements, com caught silver currencies (sicios sicios means) that took to the types the glass and of the lily, with one legend that it specifically named to Israeil and Yerushalaim hacdoshá “Jerusalén santa”. They were also coined sicios of bronze with inscription, Herut Zion that is, freedom of Sión almost a shout, the proclamation of the will to resist, the absolute affirmation of religious and political independence of Hebrew town.
the squashed revolt
The second series of currencies, emitted in name of Roman emperors Vespasiano, Tito and Nerva, constitutes a species of answer to currencies coined during the revolt: the legend
The temple of Jerusalem
Concrete symbol of the Hebrew religiosidad, the Temple of Jerusalem was elevated in a hill that commanded to make level king Salomón specially (961933 BC) as it leaves from a work of extension and embellecimiento of the city, that had to also include/understand huge constructions, like the walls and the real palace. The Temple built, in seven years, workers and craftsmen coordinated and directed by teachers of Phoenician works, and presented/displayed remarkable dimensions: by the present rest of the walls of perimeter, we know that it had a length of perhaps 450 ms and one width of 300 M. s were a modest building in comparison with the Egyptian temples of Luxor and Karnak, but very considerable been account that constituted the expression of a town, the Hebrew, that until that moment been it had integrated by shepherds and agriculturists. The Temple was not an oration place, but the dwelling of God, where the priests guarded the Coffer of the Alliance, that it contained the Tables of the Law. The religious value is included/understood well that got to have the Temple of Jerusalem, scene of numerous rites, as the annual visit and presentation of offerings. The places where the Temple of Jerusalem was raised are not only expensive to the Jews; for the Christians, in effect, they are equally sacred, since they are tie to the youth and the preaching of Jesus. Also it stops to Islamic religion the Temple has the greater importance symbolic, since, according to the tradition, Mahoma prophet prayed there shortly before dying.