During century VII, when in western Europe they dominated the Barbarians, a town of Semitic origin was acquiring a personality eachdefined time more: the Arabs. They came from the region between the Red Sea, the Persian gulf and the Indian Ocean, they were divided intribes, the majority nomadic and dedicated to the pasturing, a little profitable activity in the desert and inhospitable inner regions ofterritory. Often in war among them, the Arab tribes also lived on incursions and sackings. Its primitive social organization noit allowed a market system, and some did not anticipate political unit. In this climate of anarchy and misery, he appeared a personage of greatintelligence that, with its ideas and their charisma, was going to become one of the protagonists of history, as much of happened like ofour days: Mahoma.
Mahoma and the unit of the Arab world
Mahoma was born between years 570-580, in an aristocratic family, in Mecca, city santa for the Arabs, then pagans andpoliteístas. It exerted many offices, and during its life errabundo, typical of the local reality of that time, had occasion to know abottom not only to the Bedouins and his afflicted existence, but also the religions of Jews and Christians, of whom it included/understood the value ofits monotheism. After its wedding with a well-off widow called Jad-i to, Mahoma initiated a period of meditation, after which it undertook hispreaching: the true and only God of the Arab was Wing (that means @
an unstoppable dominion
Doubtlessly, to the success of the Arabs it contributed in nondespicable measurement the weakness of the bordering Empires, like the Persian andbizantino. Thanks also to a policy of notable toreligious lerancia and to the possibility of continuing the enterprise activities andcommercial without having to become slaves of the cosappers, the submissive populations collaborated to the success of the expansionMuslim: between centuries VIII and X, the territory into the hands of the Arabs extended from Spain to Morocco, of Sici to a leaves fromSouthern Italy, and of Egypt until India. Only thanks to the battle of Poitiers (city of centrooccidental France), gained by merovingio Carlos Martel in year 732, it was able to block the penetration of Islam in the West. Very intense it was the industrial activity and craftswoman of the Arabs (production ofweaves and silks, leather shop, manufacture of arms), thanks to an extraordinary commercial organization by earth and sea. They werenumerous the ports of the Arab coasts, and were essential the installation throughout the routes from called stations of stagecaravanserrallos. Here the animals could replace after the fatigosas passages of impassable and often desert territories, andthey could interchange the merchandize. Therefore, the currency soon began to circulate between the Arabs, but during the Vile century the typesadopted monetales were mainly those of the conquered countries (currencies Arab-sasánidas and Arab-bizantinas). Only towards year 700, with the caliph Abd-el Meiik (the word caliph means vicar of prophet and designates a political authority and religious), a beganto coin a properly Arab numerario. In year 696 (76 of hégira) it appeared the first currency of gold, dinar of 4. 6 g. Three yearslater it was born, dirhem of silver, 2. 9 g. The names of these currencies derive from @
The Corán, sacred book of the Islam
The Corán (Arab word that means, @lectura, recitación, ) is a sacred text written by the disciples of Mahoma (which did not know to readnor to write) and presents/displays diverse points in common with the Bible. The faithful, call muslim (of whose plural, they