The prolonged historical trajectory that took to Great Britain in 1911 to head an enormous empire, extended by not less than 29 million of square kilometers and lived by 420 million people, were developed in two phases. Oldest one begins in 1583 with the foundation of Saint John’s, in Newfoundland, whereas the modern one is completed in the last century. In fact, between the two phases there is no an authentic one interruption, but in any case first can be considered as the period of conquest and the second phase, like of consolidation of this conquest. The fundamental stages of the history of British empire can summarized thus: in 1585 one begins deals with it slaves African, on 1600 the Company of the Eastern Indians is based, that will give to the British government the totality of Indian subcontinent, in 1785 Malaysia and in 1788 Australia is conquered. The XIX@asiste century to the conquest of enormous teffitorios of central, Eastern and southern Africa. The principle of the aim of the empire colony English it agrees with the constitution, in 1926, of the Commonwealth, free association of sovereign States whose majority recognizes the authority symbolic of English Corona. Today, nevertheless, only one part of these countries continues considering the queen of England like head of State.

African Colonies

The last testimony of the English colonization in Europe is Gibraltar. They are ex- Cyprus colonies and the archipelago of Malta. The expansion colony English in the African continent interested four vast regions. The States that formed the British West Africa, and that they correspond to present Gambia, Mountain range Lioness, Nigeria and Ghana, they constituted an administrative unit and they were equipped with a currency common, the West African Currency, whose tickets remained in course until 1958. Strangely, in these tickets, emitted from 1916, never they appear the English sovereigns, but beautiful landscapes of the African coasts, with thick palmares. Also the States of the strip odentad, that formed the administrative group of the East Africa, had a common currency, that it was not pound sterling, but rupia, divided in 100 cents. In 1920-1921, the government of protectorate, with seat in Mombasa, emitted tickets in floñnes, also divided in 1 00 cents, of which 1 0 was equivalent to a pound sterling. From 1921 to 1964 it was in force the mixed English system, with the pound divided in 20 chelines and chelín divided as well in 1 00 cents. Paper money was emitted with values in chelines, but in each ticket it is always indicated equivalent in pounds. The pictures of the sovereigns (Jorge V, Jorge Vi and Isabel 11) are rather small, and epígrafes always appears in English and Arab. Nowadays in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania the system has stayed in use of chelín divided in 100 cents; only in Tanzania the English term shilling has been changed by shilingi. In the South, until 1963, the present territories of the Zimbabwe, Malawi and Zambia they formed a federation composed by the English protectorate of Rhodesia of Norte and Rhodesia ofSouth. Paper money of those countries formed part of the series emitted by the Southern Rhodesia Currency Board, printed in 1953; by the Power station Africa Currency Board, in 1955, and finally by the Bank of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, in 1956 to 1961. One is very traditional tickets, that show in the obverse picture of Isabel 11 and in reverso some of the most beautiful landscapes than could offer those territories, like the cataracts of the Zambeze. Between tickets of English period of Sudáfdca, independent from 191 0 with the name of South African Union, and that left the Commonweakh in 1961, they deserve to be remembered the Treasury Gold Certificates, to be emitted in Pretoria in 1920 and be very similar to the pounds sterling of Bank of England, targets and printed by a single face.

American Colonies

The English possessions in America are numerous: between the main States that they emitted and they continue emitting banknotes, with concrete references to the Commonwealth or Corona, we mentioned Canada, Jamaica, Belize, Cayman, Trinidad and Tobago, English Guyana and numerous islillas of Caribbean, like Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Dominican, Granada, and San Vicente and Granadillas. The tickets of Canada, emitted by the Colony Bank, circulated in most of the subject territories to English Corona, From 1866, the system in use in e Canada is based on the divided dollar in 100 cents. In other places, the passage of the pound and its submultiples to dollar has taken place in recent date: in Bermuda in 1970, the Bahamas in 1966 and Jamaica in 1969. They are of exceptional artistic value some tickets emitted in Canada between 1901 and 1924. The Canadian tickets and those of the small colonies look like enough, then they present/display in the obverse the traditional picture of the queen] knows, next to which from time to time enes appears imá typical of place, well be natural landscapes or cultural reasons. They constitute exceptions Jamaica and Barbados, whose tickets are dedicated to personages of recent local history, although in both cases the English sovereign performs the function of head of State. The dollar is not used in all the colonies or ex- colonies of the American continent: in the Falklands islands (Faikland), vindicated by Argentina and defendants very indefatigably by the English army in 1982, they continue being used chelines and pounds.

Asian Colonies

The emissions for the English colonies of Asia follow the complex vicissitudes historical of these possessions. The most remarkable series is without it doubts the emitted one by India. First, which it circulated from 1861 to 1924, is constituted by printed paper money on the one hand, with formula 1 promise to pay
The colonial emissions finish in 1943 with the tickets that represent Jorge I SAW. Resemblances to Indian tickets are the emitted ones by Burma from 1937 to 1939 with the efigies of Jorge V and Jorge I SAW. If we moved to the East, to the region of the peninsula of lndochina and of the adjacent islands, we penetrated in an authentic multitude of English, French, Dutch and Portuguese colonies, with consequent complications from the monetary point of view. Between rarer colonial tickets of this zone it is possible to mention the dollars emitted between 1886 and 1927 by the British North Borneo Company, the commercial company that administered the northern part of the island of Borneo between 1877 and 1942. Between most beautiful, in addition to rare, the tickets emitted between 1906 and 1924 by Colonies are counted of Straits, conju small States formed by Penang, Síngapur, Labuan and li Cocos and Chdstmas. The two last ones were annexed to Australia respectively in 1955 and 1958. In 1953 the emissions of the dollars begin of Board of Commissioners of Currency, an organization created with the aim to equip with a common currency the colonies of Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, Singapur and Labuan).

Colonies of the Pacific

Between the emissions of numerous the small States of this region, pertaining to ommonwealth, we remember those of archipelago of Salomón, where as of 1966 the dollar replaced the pound. The tickets of emergency are unique in their sort emitted the 1 of January of 1942 for the archipelago of Gilbert and Ellice: one is bonds consisting of hojitas of paper, of white and red color, typed, or value of 1, 2, 5 and 1 0 chelines and one pound sterling, guaranteed special bottoms of government sea. and esthetic and commercial value is the tickets, of style very taken care of and typically liberty, emitted from 1910 in Australia by the banks the premises. As of 1966, this country has adopted as it descries the dollar, although continues recognizing the queen like head of State, whose face appears only in the bill of a dollar, next to a kangaroo and a emú. The other values are dedicated to personages of local history. Very coloristas, as it is possible to hope of the local fauna, they are the modern Papuasia-New tickets Guinea, that represent birds d the paradise. Another documentary one on the fauna provides the emissions of New Zealand. It is peculiar that in the first tickets, that date from 1934, appear the picture of a maorí king, in as much the one of the queen only is in the present ones. In 1967, also New Zealand the pound by the dollar replaced.


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